Friday, April 29, 2011

Speech on Inspiring Persons by Mani ak Jack

Title: Four persons who inspired me the most to succeed in this life.

A very good morning I bid to our principal, vice principals, specialist teachers, teachers and my fellow students. This morning, I would like to talk about four persons who inspired me to succeed in this life.

The first person who inspired me the most is my own father. His name is Mr. Jack Sparrow ak Bujang. I believe none of us have a perfect father. But, there are two things that I really like about my father which inspire me to be a better person. One of his noble characters is determination. He is a very determined person. His father died when he was 14 while his mother died when he was 16. It was very difficult for him to accept the loss of his parents as he was still very young and immature. He thought of giving up, but his father’s hope kept him going. His father always wanted him to be an educated person. His father wanted him to be a teacher. Therefore, he went to Batu Lintang Teacher’s College to realize his dream. Gradually, he graduated and became a teacher. I am also inspired by his ability to forgive and forget. My father had never had a grudge against anyone no matter how bad he was treated. As the matter of fact, it is not easy to forgive and forget. Amazingly, he could do that. I wish I could do that. Perhaps, one day I will be able to learn and understand the beauty of forgiving someone.

The second person who inspired me the most is Mr. Kieran. He was my English lecturer when I was doing my first degree at UITM, Shah Alam, Selangor. It is not easy to find a lecturer who can respond to criticism positively. I was very weak in English before. When he asked me to submit my first essay, he condemned me badly and claimed that I was not fit to be considered as a university student as my essay was full of common and critical errors. The worst thing was, I could not even speak in public due to zero exposure to public speaking when I was in primary and secondary schools. Furthermore, I had never sat for MUET compared to my classmates who studied English during their matriculation years. After criticizing my essay, I stared at him. I was angry and disappointed with him. I told him that he should help me instead of criticizing me because I believe that if we expect the best from our students, we must also learn to give the best. I thought he was going to report my rebellious act to the dean. I thought that day was my last day at UITM for criticizing a lecturer. I was wrong. He was silent for a while and I was surprised that he accepted my comments positively. Starting from that day, he began to teach me about grammar and how to write a good essay. He was very gentleman. He was one of a kind. I really appreciate his ability to respond to comments positively. I will not forget everything about grammar that he taught me before. The only way to appreciate him is by sharing the knowledge that he had shared with me.

The third person who inspired me the most is Tan Sri P. Ramlee. I admire his versatility as he was a singer, actor, director, songwriter and scriptwriter. We can hardly find a person who has many great talents. He was definitely one of a kind. I have never been bored with his movies as each of the movies was carefully and beautifully designed and directed. The movies were very simple but the messages were deadly and deep. There was a lot of sarcasm in his movies. He also conveyed the messages though jokes that the audience didn’t even realize that he was actually playing with sarcastic remarks throughout the movie. He was also a great thinker. He spent a lot of time thinking about how to present his ideas and messages effectively through films. He was also a perfectionist. He didn’t want to produce a film or a song which lasts a few hours. He always wanted his songs and movies to be relevant, acceptable, remembered and loved forever. In other words, he was trying to teach us the importance of giving our very best in everything we do.

The fourth and last person who inspired me the most is Bruce Lee. I admire him mainly because he was not a racist. He shared his knowledge about martial art named “Jeet Kune Do” with everyone. He was small in size but he was considered as one of the strongest men in this world. He trained very hard because he had a goal. His main goal was to defeat his opponent in a few seconds. He could punch and kick faster than a cat. Due to his remarkable speed in fighting, the film crews advised him to slow down his speed. If he failed to reduce his speed, the audience would not be able to see each of his movements. I also admire him because he was a great thinker. He encouraged everyone to learn martial art to defend themselves instead of provoking others. Another reason why I admire him is because he inspired others to fight for their rights. He portrayed patriotism through his movies as he didn’t want the Chinese to be fooled and tortured by the Japanese. He also inspired the Chinese to fight for their country. In reality, he encouraged me to fight for my rights as a citizen. He taught me to think critically about my surrounding and be sensitive to the racial discrimination and social injustice which occur in my own country. He inspired me to be a teacher who gives my best to my students regardless of my students’ background.

I hope the world will think critically and wisely about their contributions to the world. May God bless all the inspiring figures who had made me a better person today. Thank you for listening.

Written by: Mr.Mani ak Jack
Date: 2/3/2011
“I wrote this text so that you will learn how to say and write things from your heart instead of copying facts from reference books. “

Speech on Good Education by Mani anak Jack

I strongly agree because a good education is equal to a good economy. However, education today has been heavily and negatively affected by politics.
Let me begin with our so called political leaders. Before I proceed any further, let me relate this to an analogy. Angel and demon do exist in this world and the after world. So do demonic and angelic leaders.
Demonic leaders will always try his best to prevent his people from having a good education because he fears that this new generation would outsmart him because he constantly thinks that this new generation as a permanent threat. I strongly believe that demonic leaders had a very destructive, dark and painful childhood.
This demonic leader will always make sure that he gives the worst education to his people. Ironically, demonic leaders will always give the best education to his own blood and cronies because he and his groups wish to stay on top for as long as they breathe. Demonic leaders will always create unnecessary conflicts and issues in his own country in order to keep the people busy and forget about the main purpose of life which is to have a good education.
Unnecessary conflicts can be considered as war, international aid (help others but destroy his own people), and changes in system and etc. These political strategies will definitely weaken the education system because the system is changed repeatedly without any clear reason and objective. Demonic leaders will always think of how he should prevent the number of thinkers of his country because he does not want too many people to know about his wrongdoings.
Demonic leader will also delay the development of important infrastructure such as road, schools, water and electric supply in order to delay the development of the minds of his citizens. When most of his people are illiterate, it will be very easy for him to control and fool them as the people are being ignorant and unaware of every little evil thing that he does every single day.
On the other hand, angelic leaders will always think of how he can help his people to be highly educated. He does not consider his people as a threat. He considers them as the country’s asset who can help him make his country one of the most well developed country in the world. Angelic leaders will always spend most of the country’s revenue on education. Angelic leaders normally put more emphasis on building schools and universities. He will also try his best to make schools and universities accessible and affordable to each of his citizen. He believes that when his citizens are highly intelligent, they will be economically independent. Consequently, the country will independent too as the country does not have to import a lot of things because they know exactly how to do so many things as they are nurtured to be thinkers.
In conclusion, a leader always has a choice whether to be a demonic leader or angelic leader. Our vote is also a choice. Let us make a wiser choice now and tomorrow.


How to Reduce Poverty

A very good morning I bid to our wise and deep judges, precise timekeeper and respected audience. This morning I would like to talk about how to reduce poverty. According to the Oxford Advanced Learner’s dictionary, poverty is defined as the state of being poor.
Before I elaborate on how to reduce poverty, allow me to share with you some devastating and worrying facts on poverty. For your information, poverty has always been one of the most critical and disturbing issues in the world. According to United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund or UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. Obviously, they die due to extreme malnutrition. According to www.global issues.org, at least 80% of humanity lives in poverty. In other words, over 3 billion people in the world are imprisoned by poverty.
Based on www.bread.org, 925 million people in the world are suffering from hunger. According to the same source, 9 million children died in 2008 before they celebrated their fifth birthday. In 2005, it was reported that 1.4 billion people earn less than 1.25 dollars day. That would be 4 Malaysian ringgit a day or 120 ringgit a month. Can anyone enjoy life with that very little amount of money? I leave it all to you to do the calculation by referring to the current standard of living. I hope the revelation of the global figures will trigger a positive change in each of us.
Of all the ways on how to reduce poverty, the most effective one is through good education. Good education is the mother of all positive changes. According to www.globalissues.org., poverty is getting out of control in developing countries. There are so many factors which contribute to the rise of poverty such as war and corruption. Continuous war will definitely destroy most of the important buildings such as schools and universities. Obviously, going to school will remain as a sweet dream. On the other hand, corruption will make the rich richer and the poor poorer. In other words, country revenue has not been divided properly.
In order to enjoy a better economy, each nation should work on providing good education to their students. Scholarships should be given instead of study loan because developing countries are not as rich as developed countries. Developing countries should abolish study loans because study loans will hinder students who did well in academic to continue their study. If study loans are not abolished, the poor will remain poor as the world today is all about knowledge and expertise. Free education should also be considered as an option as the old saying goes, “Give a man a fish, he can eat for a day; Teach him to fish, he can eat fish for a lifetime”.
Education is very effective in changing the way we think. For example, a degree holder will definitely not share the same level of thinking with a primary six student. Furthermore, education helps us to think critically about the causes and the effects of our actions. Education also breeds generations who know how to think and rationalize small and critical matters. A degree holder also enjoys a higher salary than those who just rely on SPM and PMR result. A degree holder will also have the financial ability to own a house and a car. On the other hand, the uneducated ones will always go for the cheapest and of the lowest quality. In other words, poverty is undeniably equal to illiteracy. However, before any nations work on improving of the quality of education, they should first recognize and appreciate the teachers as they are the ones who build each country directly and indirectly. Great teachers will always produce great students. According to Sherwood Anderson, an American novelist and short story writer, the whole object of education si to develop the mind. The mind should be a thing that works.
In conclusion, good education is the main key to reduce poverty as it is pointless to come up with so many economic strategies without paying full attention to the importance of having good education. Good education is equal to a better and a stronger economy of a particular country. Thank you so much for your attention.
M.J (25/03/2011)


Active / Passive Verb Forms
Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms." You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.
Active Form
In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.
[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]

Passive Form
In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing the action.
[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]

Active / Passive Overview
Active Passive
Simple Present Once a week, Tom cleans the house. Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom.
Present Continuous Right now, Sarah is writing the letter. Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah.
Simple Past Sam repaired the car. The car was repaired by Sam.
Past Continuous The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store.
Present Perfect Many tourists have visited that castle. That castle has been visited by many tourists.
Present Perfect Continuous Recently, John has been doing the work. Recently, the work has been being done by John.
Past Perfect George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanic's license. Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanic's license.
Past Perfect Continuous Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years before he moved to Paris. The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris.
Simple Future
WILL Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM. The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.
Simple Future
BE GOING TO Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight. A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.
Future Continuous
WILL At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dishes. At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being washed by John.
Future Continuous
BE GOING TO At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to be washing the dishes. At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being washed by John.
Future Perfect
WILL They will have completed the project before the deadline. The project will have been completed before the deadline.
Future Perfect
BE GOING TO They are going to have completed the project before the deadline. The project is going to have been completed before the deadline.
Future Perfect Continuous
WILL The famous artist will have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished. The mural will have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.
Future Perfect Continuous
BE GOING TO The famous artist is going to have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished. The mural is going to have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.
Used to Jerry used to pay the bills. The bills used to be paid by Jerry.
Would Always My mother would always make the pies. The pies would always be made by my mother.
Future in the Past
WOULD I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM. I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM.
Future in the Past
WAS GOING TO I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner tonight. I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally tonight.

Active voice
In most English sentences with an action verb, the subject performs the action denoted by the verb.
These examples show that the subject is doing the verb's action.

Because the subject does or "acts upon" the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in the active voice.

Passive voice
One can change the normal word order of many active sentences (those with a direct object) so that the subject is no longer active, but is, instead, being acted upon by the verb - or passive.
Note in these examples how the subject-verb relationship has changed.

Because the subject is being "acted upon" (or is passive), such sentences are said to be in the passive voice.
NOTE: Colorful parrots live in the rainforests cannot be changed to passive voice because the sentence does not have a direct object.
To change a sentence from active to passive voice, do the following:
1. Move the active sentence's direct object into the sentence's subject slot

2. Place the active sentence's subject into a phrase beginning with the preposition by

3. Add a form of the auxiliary verb be to the main verb and change the main verb's form

Because passive voice sentences necessarily add words and change the normal doer-action-receiver of action direction, they may make the reader work harder to understand the intended meaning.
As the examples below illustrate, a sentence in active voice flows more smoothly and is easier to understand than the same sentence in passive voice.

It is generally preferable to use the ACTIVE voice.

To change a passive voice sentence into an active voice sentence, simply reverse the steps shown above.
1. Move the passive sentence's subject into the active sentence's direct object slot

2. Remove the auxiliary verb be from the main verb and change main verb's form if needed

3. Place the passive sentence's object of the preposition by into the subject slot.

Because it is more direct, most writers prefer to use the active voice whenever possible.
The passive voice may be a better choice, however, when
• the doer of the action is unknown, unwanted, or unneeded in the sentence

• the writer wishes to emphasize the action of the sentence rather than the doer of the action

• the writer wishes to use passive voice for sentence variety.


Hunger and World Poverty
About 25,000 people die every day of hunger or hunger-related causes, according to the United Nations. This is one person every three and a half seconds, as you can see on this display. Unfortunately, it is children who die most often.
Yet there is plenty of food in the world for everyone. The problem is that hungry people are trapped in severe poverty. They lack the money to buy enough food to nourish themselves. Being constantly malnourished, they become weaker and often sick. This makes them increasingly less able to work, which then makes them even poorer and hungrier. This downward spiral often continues until death for them and their families.
There are effective programs to break this spiral. For adults, there are “food for work” programs where the adults are paid with food to build schools, dig wells, make roads, and so on. This both nourishes them and builds infrastructure to end the poverty. For children, there are “food for education” programs where the children are provided with food when they attend school. Their education will help them to escape from hunger and global poverty.
Hunger and World Poverty Sources: United Nations World Food Program (WFP), Oxfam, UNICEF.
Note: The world hunger map display above is representational only and does not show the names and faces of real people. The photographs are computer composites of multiple individuals.

• Almost half the world — over 3 billion people — live on less than $2.50 a day.
• The GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of the 41 Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (567 million people) is less than the wealth of the world’s 7 richest people combined.
• Nearly a billion people entered the 21st century unable to read a book or sign their names.
• Less than one per cent of what the world spent every year on weapons was needed to put every child into school by the year 2000 and yet it didn’t happen.
• 1 billion children live in poverty (1 in 2 children in the world). 640 million live without adequate shelter, 400 million have no access to safe water, 270 million have no access to health services. 10.6 million died in 2003 before they reached the age of 5 (or roughly 29,000 children per day).

Poverty is the state for the majority of the world’s people and nations. Why is this? Is it enough to blame poor people for their own predicament? Have they been lazy, made poor decisions, and been solely responsible for their plight? What about their governments? Have they pursued policies that actually harm successful development? Such causes of poverty and inequality are no doubt real. But deeper and more global causes of poverty are often less discussed.

Behind the increasing interconnectedness promised by globalization are global decisions, policies, and practices. These are typically influenced, driven, or formulated by the rich and powerful. These can be leaders of rich countries or other global actors such as multinational corporations, institutions, and influential people.

In the face of such enormous external influence, the governments of poor nations and their people are often powerless. As a result, in the global context, a few get wealthy while the majority struggle.
These next few articles and sections explore various poverty issues in more depth:

13 articles on “Causes of Poverty” and 6 related issues:
Poverty Facts and Stats
Last updated Monday, September 20, 2010.
Most of humanity lives on just a few dollars a day. Whether you live in the wealthiest nations in the world or the poorest, you will see high levels of inequality.

The poorest people will also have less access to health, education and other services. Problems of hunger, malnutrition and disease afflict the poorest in society. The poorest are also typically marginalized from society and have little representation or voice in public and political debates, making it even harder to escape poverty.

By contrast, the wealthier you are, the more likely you are to benefit from economic or political policies. The amount the world spends on military, financial bailouts and other areas that benefit the wealthy, compared to the amount spent to address the daily crisis of poverty and related problems are often staggering.

Some facts and figures on poverty presented in this page are eye-openers, to say the least.
Read “Poverty Facts and Stats” to learn more.
Structural Adjustment—a Major Cause of Poverty
Last updated Sunday, November 28, 2010.
Cutbacks in health, education and other vital social services around the world have resulted from structural adjustment policies prescribed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank as conditions for loans and repayment. In addition, developing nation governments are required to open their economies to compete with each other and with more powerful and established industrialized nations. To attract investment, poor countries enter a spiraling race to the bottom to see who can provide lower standards, reduced wages and cheaper resources. This has increased poverty and inequality for most people. It also forms a backbone to what we today call globalization. As a result, it maintains the historic unequal rules of trade.

Read “Structural Adjustment—a Major Cause of Poverty” to learn more.
Poverty Around The World
Last updated Sunday, January 02, 2011.
Around the world, in rich or poor nations, poverty has always been present.
In most nations today, inequality—the gap between the rich and the poor—is quite high and often widening.

The causes are numerous, including a lack of individual responsibility, bad government policy, exploitation by people and businesses with power and influence, or some combination of these and other factors.
Many feel that high levels of inequality will affect social cohesion and lead to problems such as increasing crime and violence.

Inequality is often a measure of relative poverty. Absolute poverty, however, is also a concern. World Bank figures for world poverty reveals a higher number of people live in poverty than previously thought.
For example, the new poverty line is defined as living on the equivalent of $1.25 a day. With that measure based on latest data available (2005), 1.4 billion people live on or below that line.
Furthermore, almost half the world—over three billion people—live on less than $2.50 a day and at least 80% of humanity lives on less than $10 a day:

Read “Poverty Around The World” to learn more.
Today, over 22,000 children died around the world
Last updated Monday, September 20, 2010.

Images © UNICEF
Over 22,000 children die every day around the world.
That is equivalent to:
• 1 child dying every 4 seconds
• 15 children dying every minute
• A 2010 Haiti earthquake occurring almost every 10 days
• A 2004 Asian Tsunami occurring almost every 10 days
• An Iraq-scale death toll every 18–43 days
• Just under 8.1 million children dying every year
• Some 88 million children dying between 2000 and 2009

The silent killers are poverty, easily preventable diseases and illnesses, and other related causes. Despite the scale of this daily/ongoing catastrophe, it rarely manages to achieve, much less sustain, prime-time, headline coverage.
Read “Today, over 22,000 children died around the world” to learn more.
World Hunger and Poverty
Last updated Sunday, August 22, 2010.

Meaningful long-term alleviation of hunger is rooted in the alleviation of poverty, as poverty leads to hunger. World hunger is a terrible symptom of world poverty. If efforts are only directed at providing food, or improving food production or distribution, then the structural root causes that create hunger, poverty and dependency would still remain.

While resources and energies are deployed to relieve hunger through technical measures such as improving agriculture, and as important as these are, inter-related issues such as poverty means that political solutions are likely required as well for meaningful and long term hunger alleviation.

Read “World Hunger and Poverty” to learn more.
Food Dumping [Aid] Maintains Poverty
Last updated Monday, December 10, 2007.

Food aid (when not for emergency relief) can actually be very destructive on the economy of the recipient nation and contribute to more hunger and poverty in the long term. Free, subsidized, or cheap food, below market prices undercuts local farmers, who cannot compete and are driven out of jobs and into poverty, further slanting the market share of the larger producers such as those from the US and Europe. Many poor nations are dependent on farming, and so such food aid amounts to food dumping. In the past few decades, more powerful nations have used this as a foreign policy tool for dominance rather than for real aid.

Read “Food Dumping [Aid] Maintains Poverty” to learn more.
Food and Agriculture Issues
Last updated Sunday, November 21, 2010.

Food and agriculture goes to the heart of our civilizations. Religions, cultures and even modern civilization have food and agriculture at their core. For an issue that goes to the heart of humanity it also has its ugly side.

This issue explores topics ranging from the global food crisis of 2008, to issues of food aid, world hunger, food dumping and wasteful agriculture such as growing tobacco, sugar, beef, and more.
Read “Food and Agriculture Issues” to learn more.
Trade, Economy, & Related Issues
Last updated Sunday, January 02, 2011.
Read “Trade, Economy, & Related Issues” to learn more.

Last updated Sunday, November 07, 2010.
We often hear leaders from rich countries telling poor countries that aid and loans will only be given when they show they are stamping out corruption. While that definitely needs to happen, the rich countries themselves are often active in the largest forms of corruption in those poor countries, and many economic policies they prescribe have exacerbated
the problem. Corruption in developing countries definitely must be high on the priority lists, but so too must it be on the priority lists of rich countries.

Read “Corruption” to learn more.
Foreign Aid for Development Assistance
Last updated Sunday, April 25, 2010.
In 1970, the world’s rich countries agreed to give 0.7% of their gross national income as official international development aid, annually.
Since that time, billions have certainly been given each year, but rarely have the rich nations actually met their promised target.
For example, the US is often the largest donor in dollar terms, but ranks amongst the lowest in terms of meeting the stated 0.7% target.

Furthermore, aid has often come with a price of its own for the developing nations. Common criticisms, for many years, of foreign aid, have included the following:
• Aid is often wasted on conditions that the recipient must use overpriced goods and services from donor countries
• Most aid does not actually go to the poorest who would need it the most
• Aid amounts are dwarfed by rich country protectionism that denies market access for poor country products while rich nations use aid as a lever to open poor country markets to their products
• Large projects or massive grand strategies often fail to help the vulnerable; money can often be embezzled away.

Midst of Hardship by Latif Mohidin


TITLE: Midst of Hardship

POET: Latiff Mohidin





This poem is about a group of poor people (particularly the farmers who live in the village or remote areas who depend solely on crops to survive). These people are so used to the difficult lives that they face every day that they don’t even consider the suffering as a burden. They accept and face all the hardships with an open mind and heart.

Designed by: Mani ak Jack (15th-18th/04/2011)

Midst of Hardship (explanation on the vocabulary)

1. Dawn : (synonyms: sunrise, daybreak, first light, early morning) (antonyms: dusk: evening ,nightfall)
2. Soaked: (synonyms : very wet, drenched, flooded) (antonym : dry)
3. Torn: (synonyms: ragged, worn out, frayed)
4. Approach: (synonyms : come near, come close to)
5. Limbs: an arm or leg
6. Scratches: (synonyms: mark, cut, scar, bruises (commons effect of scratching)
7. Wounds: (synonyms: injury, cut, abrasion )
8. Brows : forehead, (the part of the face that is above the eyes and below the hair)
9. Sign: (synonyms: symbol, indication)
10. Despair: (synonyms: misery, desolation, hopelessness, anguish, gloom, depression, dejection)
11. Whole: (synonym: entire)
12. Horrendous: (synonyms: awful, dreadful, terrible, unbearable, unspeakable, and horrific)
13. Bloated : (synonyms: swollen, distended)
14. Carcasses: (synonyms: corpse, remains, body, skeleton)
15. Tiny: (synonyms: small, little)
16. Chip: (synonyms: fragment, (a small piece of wood, glass) debris
17. Barks: def: the outer covering a tree (the skin of a tree, the outer part of a tree)
18. Desperately: (synonyms: very much, badly, greatly, dreadfully, urgently,)
19. Albino:( def: a person or an animal that is born with no colour)
20. Amidst: (can also be spelled amid and mid) (synonyms: in the middle of, among, in the midst of)
21. Sigh: (synonyms: moan, groan, and exhale noisily.)
22. Complaint: (synonyms: grievance, grumble, and objection.)

Designed and prepared by: Mr. Mani ak Jack (5/3/2011)

“Sharing knowledge is my job while applying the knowledge is your job. Mani Jack” ___________________________________________________________________

Questions to ponder:In the Midst of Hardship
From the title, what do you think the poem is about?
What is the occupation of the people in the picture?
Are these people living in hardship?
If yes, provide some examples of the hardship that they face?
Do you think they are contented with their lives? Why?


“In the Midst of Hardshipis a poem that reminds us that life has its ups and downs.
People are faced with great difficulties during natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes. They encounter hardship, pain and even death. However, the natural disaster will eventually subside. Life will go on. Instead of lamenting over the painful experience, the villagers in this poem choose to be grateful to be alive. They still have their home and each other.
Life will go on; they will get over the hardship together and resume their lives.”

First Stanza

At dawn they returned home their soaky clothes torn and approached the stove and approached the stove their limbs marked by scratches their legs full of wounds but on their brows

The family returns home at daybreak soaked to the skin.
They have scratches and wounds on their hands and legs.
They do not look depressed or disturbed by it all.

Second Stanza

There was not a sign of despair the whole day and night just passed they had to brave the horrendous flood in the water all the time between bloated carcasses and tiny chips of tree barks and desperately looking for their son’s albino buffalo that was never found

They have been out the whole day and night.
They have trudged though the floodwater which is full of twigs, branches and dead animals.
They are looking for their son’s albino buffalo.

Third Stanza

They were born amidst hardship and grew up without a sigh or a complaint now they are in the kitchen making jokes while rolling their cigarette leaves.

Although they have been poor from birth and have experienced a lot of hardships, they grew up without regrets.
They are now relaxing in the kitchen, cracking jokes and preparing to have a smoke.

List of Impromptu Speeches

Tips for impromptu speeches.

1. Take a deep breath.

2. Create a mind map in your mind.

3. The topic is easy if you learn to calm down.

4. Everything will go wrong if you panic.

5. Organize your thoughts.

Remember these are ideas for impromptu speech topics which are just mini-speeches and therefore they have an opening, body and conclusion just like any other speech.
1st 10 Good Impromptu Speech Topics
• What moral issue best defines you?
• What is the biggest effect of the internet?
• Describe your worst experience
• Discuss the most memorable event in your life
• Is capitalism the best political and economic system? Defend your choice.
• Is knowledge more important than wisdom?
• Is a glass half full or half empty? Explain your choice.
• Why are humans so fascinated with understanding the universe?
• Does technology live up to it's promise?
• Ghosts I'd like to meet
2nd 10 Good Impromptu Speech Topics
• The morality of zoos
• Three keys to a happy life
• Reality TV shows
• Beauty
• You are what you eat
• Love is a choice
• Professional athletes are overpaid
• Dogs are better than cats
• How to become a millionaire
• Importance of communication
3rd 10 Good Impromptu Speech Topics
• Bottles versus cans
• Real or fake Christmas trees
• peer to peer technology
• Motorcycle helmets
• the assasination of a dictator can/cannot be justified
• Curfews
• Alien abductions
• The worst/best book you ever read
• All time favorite movie
• Your first memory
4th 10 Good Impromptu Speech Topics
• The best things in life are free
• Clothes make the man/woman
• Happy drugs (prozac, zoloft, etc.)
• Good versus Evil
• Your favorite sound
• Your least favorite sound
• Exams are/are not good forms of assessment
• Why it's important to meditate
• What are you grateful for?
• Speed dating
5th 10 Good Impromptu Speech Topics
• Your favorite relative
• Your favorite holiday
• Internet affairs
• The greatest gift we can give others is...
• If I were invisible for a day...
• What I would do if I knew I could not fail
• The most successful person I know
• Good grades matter
• Everyone should be a volunteer
• hybrid animals

Public Speaking Evaluation Form

Public Speaking Evaluation Form

Name Topic Content
(15%) Development of ideas(15%) Language Accuracy (15%) Language Fluency (15%) Total

1. Unity through Moderation. (Religions)

2. Global warming (Causes, effects and solutions)

3. Poverty (Causes, effects and solutions)

4. Determination is the key to success.

5. The importance of good education.

6. Abortion (Causes, effects, and solutions)

7. Language is the key to a solid unity.

8. How to build a solid friendship.

9. Wars (Causes, effects and solutions)

10. Child abuse (Causes, effects and solutions)

(Thank you) Signature:

Poem Entitled Nature by H.D Carberrry, Notes, and Explanations







I spent hours trying to understand each of the word used in the poem in order to help you to understand the poem. I also tried my best to come up with simple and understandable explanations together with some examples as I want you to remember this poem as long as you live. The most important thing is you have well-prepared notes to help you get at least an “A” for SPM next year. I cannot really explain how painful it was to think of how I could help you understand the poem. I understand it is not easy to appreciate these notes. But if you learn to appreciate, I will feel very happy because I can finally make you a true human being who is completely opposite to an animal. M.J.

Designed by: Mani ak Jack (15th-18th/04/2011)

Nature by H.D Carberry
Synonyms and explanations
1. Instead: as an alternative/substitute/replacement
2. Lush: green, abundant, fertile, blossoming
3. Magnificently: wonderfully, superbly, well
4. Beat: hit, strike, bang, hammer, pound, punch
5. Swish: to move quickly into the air
6. Gully: channel, ditch, culvert
7. Struggle: move violently, great fight, fight back
8. Fade: die away, darken, become paler
9. Reap: harvest
10. Ripe: mature, ready, full-grown, ripen
11. Cane: sugarcane
12. Lie: stretch out
13. Bear: naked, nude, exposed, uncovered
14. High: soaring
15. Bush: shrub, plant
16. Sway: bend, wave, swing
17. Scent: smell, odor, aroma, fragrance
18. Slightest: smallest amount, least
19. Buttercups: A type of flower in Jamaica that is yellow in colour
20. Pave: cover, floor, tile
21. wood: timber, forest,
22: logwood: a tree which has been cut into pieces which are meant to make fire. Also called firewood. Logwood can be in many sizes. Some are left in the forest.
23. blossom: flourish, grow healthily

We have neither Summer nor Winter neither Autumn nor Spring
(We do not have Summer, We do not have Winter, We do not have Autumn We do not have Spring)

We have instead the days, when the gold sun shines on the lush green canfields, magnificently.

(Even though we do not have the four seasons, we still have our bright shiny days and the fertile land whish is planted with sugarcane and the best part is we have a lot of sugarcane.)

The days when the rain beats like bullets on the roofs and there is no sound but the swish of water in the gullies, and the trees struggling in the high Jamaica winds.

Even though we do not have the four seasons, we are blessed with rainy days. The rain is so heavy that you could not hear anything else except for the heavy raindrops that fall heavily and rapidly on the roof. Furthermore, we also have strong winds.)

Also there are the days when leaves fade from off guango trees, and the reaped canedfieldds lie bare and fallow to the sun.

(However, they also experience hard life during the dry season as the leaves are falling (the land becomes infertile) and there is time when the plantation cannot be done after the harvesting season. They have to leave the land for a while as they want the land to be fertile again after harvesting the sugarcane.

(Additional information about plantation: When the land is fertile, a farmer will start planting any crops. When the crops are mature enough, the farmer will harvest all the crops leaving the unwanted piece on the field. Then, the field is left exposed to the sun in order to dry all the dead leaves. Once the dead leaves are dry enough, the farmer will burn it in order to make the land fertile again. When the rainy season comes, the land is ready for plantation.)

But best of all, there are the days when the mango and the logwood blossom, when the bushes are full of sound of bees and scent of honey, when the tall grass sways and shivers to the slightest breath of air, when the buttercups have paved the earth with yellow stars and beauty comes suddenly and the rains have gone.

(Can you imagine how a forest looks like during the draught season (dry season)? During the dry season, everything is fading due to the little amount of water. As a matter of fact, water is the symbol of life. Draught season is a disaster especially to the farmers who depend so much on the plantation. Now imagine how a forest looks like during the rainy season? Also imagine what happens to all the living things in the forest after the rainy season. Rain brings a lot of wonders. The presence of rain benefits all the living things. After the rainy season, the flowers will grow well and beautifully and of course these abundant (many/a lot) flowers will definitely attract the bees. Furthermore, after the rainy season, all the green plants will grow and the presence of rain will definitely give a new life to the forest and to all the living things including human begins especially the farmers. After the rainy season, all the flowers will grow and flourish as rain has once again made the land fertile.)

Moral Values:
1. We should appreciate what we have in our country. (Examples: peace, free from natural disasters, green forest, beautiful beaches, a lot of food, fertile lands, religious freedom, tolerance between races and etc.)

2. We should not long for what we do not have. (Examples: We many not have all the four seasons but it does not mean that our country is ugly and infertile. We still have a lot of virgin rainforest, and the most important thing is we have so many fruits such as pineapple, durian, mango, papaya and bananas that are not available in countries which experience the four seasons. We must understand that we cannot have everything in this world as this world is not perfect. Another example is we must accept the fact that no matter how hard we try to be someone else, we will never succeed doing it but we can’t abolish the true facts about ourselves. For example, a woman who has a dark skin always longs for a white skin. Therefore, she will try any products that can change the colour of her skin. As a matter of fact, no matter how white she is, she is still an Asian. She will never be a Caucasian. )

3. We should be aware that different people have different skills or beauty. (Explanation and examples: Beauty is too subjective. We cannot measure one’s beauty based on physical appearance alone. Each of us has our own specialties. A man may not be handsome physically, but his beauty is perhaps he is very hardworking, loyal and intelligent. A woman may not be as beautiful as Natalie Portman, but the most beautiful thing about her is she is loyal, patient, loving and has good manners. On the other hand, a man may not do well in academic. But it does not mean that he cannot be successful in life. Perhaps he has a great determination that an intelligent person does not have. Perhaps, he is very good at drawing or repairing cars. The main concern here is everyone is beautiful, talented and special as long as we learn to accept the fact that each of us has strengths and weaknesses.

Facts about Jamaica
With 2.8 million people, Jamaica is the third most populous anglophone country in the Americas, after the United States and Canada. It remains a Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II as Head of State
The Arawak and Taino indigenous people originating from South America settled on the island between 4000 and 1000 BC.
Christopher Columbus claimed Jamaica for Spain after landing there in 1494. Columbus' probable landing point was Dry Harbour, now called Discovery Bay. St. Ann's Bay was the "Saint Gloria" of Columbus who first sighted Jamaica at this point. The Spanish were forcibly evicted by the British at Ocho Rios in St. Ann and in 1655 the British took over the last Spanish fort in Jamaica. The Spanish colonists fled leaving a large number of African slaves. Rather than be re-enslaved by the English, they escaped into the hilly, mountainous regions of the island, joining those who had previously escaped from the Spanish to live with the Taínos. These runaway slaves, who became known as the Jamaican Maroons, fought the British during the 18th century. During the long years of slavery Maroons established free communities in the mountainous interior of Jamaica, maintaining their freedom and independence for generations.
During its first 200 years of British rule, Jamaica became one of the world's leading sugar-exporting, slave-dependent nations. After the abolition of the slave trade in 1807, the British imported Indian and Chinese workers as indentured servants to supplement the labour pool. Descendants of indentured servants of Asian and Chinese origin continue to reside in Jamaica today.
By the beginning of the 19th century, Jamaica's heavy reliance on slavery resulted in blacks (Africans) outnumbering whites (Europeans) by a ratio of almost 20 to 1. Even though England had outlawed the importation of slaves, some were still smuggled into the colonies.
In the 1800s, the British established a number of botanical gardens. These included the Castleton Garden, set up in 1862 to replace the Bath Garden (created in 1779) which was subject to flooding. Bath Garden was the site for planting breadfruit brought to Jamaica from the Pacific by Captain William Bligh. Other gardens were the Cinchona Plantation founded in 1868 and the Hope Garden founded in 1874. In 1872, Kingston became the island's capital.
Jamaica slowly gained increasing independence from the United Kingdom and in 1958, it became a province in the Federation of the West Indies before attaining full independence by leaving the federation in 1962.
Jamaica has a large population of Chinese and East Indians. Sizable numbers of Whites and Mulattoes, and persons of Syrian/Lebanese descent, many of which have intermixed throughout the generations. Individuals on the island seldom belong to one racial group as mixed-race Jamaicans are the second largest racial group; the genetic roots of many people can be traced to origins that are not necessarily physically apparent. Christianity is the major religion in the island.
Jamaica's resources include coffee, papaya, bauxite, gypsum, limestone and sugar cane.
The climate in Jamaica is tropical, with hot and humid weather, although higher inland regions are more temperate. Some regions on the south coast are relatively dry rain-shadow areas. Jamaica lies in the hurricane belt of the Atlantic Ocean; as a result, the island sometimes experiences significant storm damage.

Interview Tips for Jobs

Any interviewer is trained to build pressure in the interview room as they want to see how good the interviewees are in handling pressure.

First, the interviewer will try his of her best to bring you to the dead end. Be patient, and don't raise your voice.

Second, if you don't know, sy you don't know. Lies will come back to you in the future. Say sorry if you don't know and convince the interviewer that you will work on the subject.

Third, do not ever show that you are arrogant, as you are not the boss. Bow a little bit but not too much as you might be consider as a great pretender.

Four, say what you know accordingly. Reorganize your thoughts.

Finally, always stay calm as they want to see your ability to control each second of the session.

Hope you benefit a lot from these tips.

Marking Scheme for Interview and Notes

Marking Scheme for Interview Session (Jan 2010)
Name: Class:
Contents weak moderate excellent
Grammar weak moderate excellent
Self-confidence low medium high

Name: Class:
Contents weak moderate excellent
Grammar weak moderate excellent
Self-confidence low medium high

Name: Class:
Contents weak moderate excellent
Grammar weak moderate excellent
Self-confidence low medium high

Name: Class:
Contents weak moderate excellent
Grammar weak moderate excellent
Self-confidence low medium high

Name: Class:
Contents weak moderate excellent
Grammar weak moderate excellent
Self-confidence low medium high


The Interview
Congratulations! If you have made it to the interview stage, you are a finalist, entering the last phase of evaluation. The face-to-face interview is an excellent way for the judges to get to know you and, particularly, assess your maturity, composure, and performance under pressure.
It is impossible to predict what questions you may be asked in a personal interview, but it is possible to prepare yourself by working out answers to some of the more common questions that get asked in interviews, whether for scholarships or employment. Write down the answers to these questions.
• What are your greatest strengths?
• What are your career goals?
• Where do you see yourself in five years? Ten years?
• Tell me about a personal achievement that makes you proud.
• Tell me about a mistake that you made and what you learned from it.
• Who has influenced your life and why?
• Why would you be an excellent recipient of ___ scholarship?
These are the basics. Know these answers cold.
Next, think specifically about the scholarship award that you are seeking. Be sure you are very well informed about the organization.
• What is the mission of the organization offering the award?
• Who have they given the award to in the past and why?
• Who are the judges?
• What is it about your application that made you a finalist?
Use this information to develop responses that you may be able to introduce into the discussion to provide the content that you would like to be sure that the judges hear from you. For example, if you are a finalist in a scholarship competition from an environmental group and you believe that your volunteer work on the local Conservation Commission was key to your selection as a finalist, consider finding examples from that experience to highlight your strengths or describe lessons you have learned.
Finally, prepare yourself to make a good impression. If you need a haircut, get a haircut. If you are a nail biter, invest in a professional manicure or even a set of acrylic nails. Select your interview outfit with care. It may or may not be advisable to wear a suit or dress, depending upon the specific situation. However, it is always appropriate to make sure your clothes are clean, they fit correctly, and there are no loose buttons or hanging threads. Familiarize yourself with the working of a steam iron and press your clothes even if the tag says they don't require ironing.
Be sure you know where you are going and how long it will take to get there. Think about traffic flow at different times of the day. It is really hard to concentrate on the questions you are being asked when your heart is still racing from the parking lot dash, there are rivulets of perspiration running down your face, and you have to go to the bathroom but didn't have time.
You look great. You have arrived with enough time to visit the restroom, run a comb through your hair, and pick the dog hair from the car seat off your clothes. You're under control.
It's probably impossible to relax under these circumstances, but it may help to remember that you are here because these people think you are a competent, qualified candidate. You earned the right to have this interview. The judges will use this time to get to know you better, and you are working from the advantage that they are already supporters. Help them to help you have a great interview by being as genuinely pleased to be there as you can. Let your enthusiasm for your education show. The personal interview can be a wonderful experience if you can approach it as an opportunity rather than as a trial.
What If...?
What if, despite your logistical preparations, you are late or arrive with a big coffee stain on your shirt. Well, you now have the opportunity to exhibit the grace under pressure and ability to adapt that has gotten you so far already.
Acknowledge the problem ("I had a flat tire on the expressway"), apologize if appropriate ("I'm so sorry to have delayed our scheduled meeting") and then move on. Don't continue to focus on the initial negative; try to get the process moving forward so you can shine. ("I realize that I'm late, but I'm very interested in participating in the interview if you are ready to move forward.")
What if you can't think of a good answer to a question that's been posed? Or you can't even think of a bad answer because your mind has gone blank? Again, grace under pressure is key. Explain that you're having a mental block on that topic just now and ask if it's possible to come back to the question a bit later. Or suggest that it's a really interesting question that has prompted a lot of different ideas for you, and you'd like to take a moment to organize your thoughts. In situations such as this one, it may be best to take a little pressure off by giving yourself a moment to collect your thoughts.
There are a lot more possible what-ifs. The key is to remain confident and don't let a problem shake your sense of yourself. The judges recognize the pressure you are under and, as in life, you are often judged not by the reality that problems occur, but by the style with which you manage those problems. Approach the interview with a sense of confidence, some humility, and enough good humor to get you past any awkward moments.

My Personal Quotations about Our Lives......

Mani Jack Sometimes, when actions are out of the picture, words can best replace them.

Mani Jack Life is full of surprises. Sometimes the surprises can be very negative and deep. However, the negative ones will always be replaced wi the great surprises if we learn to embrace the beauty of life with open heart and mind.

Mani Jack Not wanting to be alone is our nature. Going against it can be very disastrous to our entire life. Being alone is not supposed to be an option if we learn not to be too perfectionist. Obviously, memorizing facts before exam can be very beneficial. On the other hand, trying to memorize all the past can cause you to be completely alone, confused and sad.

Mani Jack Yesterday is the collection of yesterdays..as yesterday will remain yesterday...perhaps today can be a better day than yesterday..because yesterday can never be today..

Mani Jack Grateful and blessed are those who remember the ones who gave them knowledge of life as it is not easy to remember.....most people choose to forget...and didn't realize it will come back....as reflected by the cycle of life.

Mani Jack Politic is just like the act of a small kid who is crying, sulking, trampling, shouting and acting, asking for the same thing at a shopping mall, until he gets what he wants.

Mani Jack The most beautiful change ever happens in the world is the change of mind, not roads, buildings, bridges, and etc.

Mani Jack The biggest corruption in the world is when you are not given the chance to taste the birthday cake even though you have contributed some money to buy the cake.

Mani Jack We will never know what was written in heaven. But we know what we are supposed to do based on the information that we get from all of our senses.

Mani Jack Wisdom is defined as knowing what you are doing and knowing what you are supposed to do when you realize something is wrong.

Mani Jack A student will love to go school if a school is better than his or her home. But, if the school is worse than his or her home, he or she will hate going to school every day. On the other hand, if both school and home are the worst places for him or her, then we will start seeing a lot of students loitering at cyber cafe, shopping complex and in the streets.

Mani Jack If a leader wishes to be a great leader, he must understand what will happen if we ask a chef to build an airplane.

Mani Jack Rain is a gift to the desert as love is a gift to the dehydrated heart.

Learning Quotations for Teachers and Students.....

These quotations will definitely help you a lot in producing great essays provided you understand them. M.J.

It is important that students bring a certain ragamuffin, barefoot irreverence to their studies; they are not here to worship what is known, but to question it. ~Jacob Bronowski

Education consists mainly of what we have unlearned. ~Mark Twain

Man's mind, once stretched by a new idea, never regains its original dimensions. ~Oliver Wendell Holmes

You learn something every day if you pay attention. ~Ray LeBlond

The most useful piece of learning for the uses of life is to unlearn what is untrue. ~Antisthenes

Some people will never learn anything, for this reason, because they understand everything too soon. ~Alexander Pope

Sit down before fact as a little child, be prepared to give up every conceived notion, follow humbly wherever and whatever abysses nature leads, or you will learn nothing. ~Thomas Huxley

Children have to be educated, but they have also to be left to educate themselves. ~Abbé Dimnet, Art of Thinking, 1928

I don't think much of a man who is not wiser today than he was yesterday. ~Abraham Lincoln

The ink of the scholar is more sacred than the blood of the martyr. ~Mohammed

Learning is a treasure that will follow its owner everywhere. ~Chinese Proverb

All the world is a laboratory to the inquiring mind. ~Martin H. Fischer

I am always ready to learn although I do not always like being taught. ~Winston Churchill

The purpose of learning is growth, and our minds, unlike our bodies, can continue growing as we continue to live. ~Mortimer Adler

There are some things you learn best in calm, and some in storm. ~Willa Cather

There are many things which we can afford to forget which it is yet well to learn. ~Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

I am defeated, and know it, if I meet any human being from whom I find myself unable to learn anything. ~George Herbert Palmer

Always walk through life as if you have something new to learn and you will. ~Vernon Howard

Beware of the man who works hard to learn something, learns it, and finds himself no wiser than before. ~Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.

I find four great classes of students: The dumb who stay dumb. The dumb who become wise. The wise who go dumb. The wise who remain wise. ~Martin H. Fischer

No matter how one may think himself accomplished, when he sets out to learn a new language, science, or the bicycle, he has entered a new realm as truly as if he were a child newly born into the world. ~Frances Willard, How I Learned to Ride the Bicycle

Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. ~Henry Ford

It is not hard to learn more. What is hard is to unlearn when you discover yourself wrong. ~Martin H. Fischer

If the past cannot teach the present and the father cannot teach the son, then history need not have bothered to go on, and the world has wasted a great deal of time. ~Russell Hoban

You have learned something. That always feels at first as if you had lost something. ~H.G. Wells

I have never in my life learned anything from any man who agreed with me. ~Dudley Field Malone

Every act of conscious learning requires the willingness to suffer an injury to one's self-esteem. That is why young children, before they are aware of their own self-importance, learn so easily. ~Thomas Szasz

I am what the librarians have made me with a little assistance from a professor of Greek and a few poets. ~Bernard Keble Sandwell

Learn as much as you can while you are young, since life becomes too busy later. ~Dana Stewart Scott

His studies were pursued but never effectually overtaken. ~H.G. Wells

The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn. ~Alvin Toffler

Learning is a lifetime process, but there comes a time when we must stop adding and start updating. ~Robert Brault, www.robertbrault.com

Learning without thought is labor lost. ~Confucius

The pupil can only educate himself. Teachers are the custodians of apparatus upon which he himself must turn and twist to acquire the excellencies that distinguish the better from the poorer of God's vessels. ~Martin H. Fischer

The best of my education has come from the public library... my tuition fee is a bus fare and once in a while, five cents a day for an overdue book. You don't need to know very much to start with, if you know the way to the public library. ~Lesley Conger

The man who is too old to learn was probably always too old to learn. ~Henry S. Haskins

We learn more by looking for the answer to a question and not finding it than we do from learning the answer itself. ~Lloyd Alexander

You don't understand anything until you learn it more than one way. ~Marvin Minsky

The important thing is not so much that every child should be taught, as that every child should be given the wish to learn. ~John Lubbock

Learning is like rowing upstream: not to advance is to drop back. ~Chinese Proverb

People learn something every day, and a lot of times it's that what they learned the day before was wrong. ~Bill Vaughan
You can teach a student a lesson for a day; but if you can teach him to learn by creating curiosity, he will continue the learning process as long as he lives. ~Clay P. Bedford

Get over the idea that only children should spend their time in study. Be a student so long as you still have something to learn, and this will mean all your life. ~Henry L. Doherty

I am learning all the time. The tombstone will be my diploma. ~Eartha Kitt

It's what you learn after you know it all that counts. ~Attributed to Harry S. Truman

A single conversation with a wise man is better than ten years of study. ~Chinese Proverb

In the spider-web of facts, many a truth is strangled. ~Paul Eldridge

When the student is ready, the master appears. ~Buddhist Proverb

Give me a fruitful error any time, full of seeds, bursting with its own corrections. You can keep your sterile truth for yourself. ~Vilfredo Pareto

No man who worships education has got the best out of education.... Without a gentle contempt for education no man's education is complete. ~G.K. Chesterton

The aim of education should be to teach us rather how to think, than what to think - rather to improve our minds, so as to enable us to think for ourselves, than to load the memory with thoughts of other men. ~Bill Beattie

The whole purpose of education is to turn mirrors into windows. ~Sydney J. Harris

Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school. ~Albert Einstein

The school is the last expenditure upon which America should be willing to economize. ~Franklin D. Roosevelt

It'll be a great day when education gets all the money it wants and the Air Force has to hold a bake sale to buy bombers. ~Author unknown, quoted in You Said a Mouthful, Ronald D. Fuchs, ed.

An educational system isn't worth a great deal if it teaches young people how to make a living but doesn't teach them how to make a life. ~Author Unknown

If you think education is expensive, try ignorance. ~Attributed to both Andy McIntyre and Derek Bok

It is a thousand times better to have common sense without education than to have education without common sense. ~Robert G. Ingersoll

Education... has produced a vast population able to read but unable to distinguish what is worth reading. ~G.M. Trevelyan

To the uneducated, an A is just three sticks. ~A.A. Milne

Nations have recently been led to borrow billions for war; no nation has ever borrowed largely for education. Probably, no nation is rich enough to pay for both war and civilization. We must make our choice; we cannot have both. ~Abraham Flexner

Education is a better safeguard of liberty than a standing army. ~Edward Everett

Real education must ultimately be limited to men who insist on knowing, the rest is mere sheep-herding. ~Ezra Pound

Education should be exercise; it has become massage. ~Martin H. Fischer

The object of education is to prepare the young to educate themselves throughout their lives. ~Robert Maynard Hutchins

He who opens a school door, closes a prison. ~Victor Hugo

Every time you stop a school, you will have to build a jail. What you gain at one end you lose at the other. It's like feeding a dog on his own tail. It won't fatten the dog. ~Mark Twain

My idea of education is to unsettle the minds of the young and inflame their intellects. ~Robert Maynard Hutchins

Education is a progressive discovery of our own ignorance. ~Will Durant

Why should society feel responsible only for the education of children, and not for the education of all adults of every age? ~Erich Fromm

Education aims to give you a boost up the ladder of knowledge. Too often, it just gives you a cramp on one of its rungs. ~Martin H. Fischer

Education would be much more effective if its purpose was to ensure that by the time they leave school every boy and girl should know how much they do not know, and be imbued with a lifelong desire to know it. ~William Haley

I read Shakespeare and the Bible, and I can shoot dice. That's what I call a liberal education. ~Tallulah Bankhead

A child educated only at school is an uneducated child. ~George Santayana

Education's purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one. ~Malcolm S. Forbes

An educated person is one who has learned that information almost always turns out to be at best incomplete and very often false, misleading, fictitious, mendacious - just dead wrong. ~R. Baker

What does education often do? It makes a straight-cut ditch of a free, meandering brook. ~Henry David Thoreau

Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember from time to time that nothing worth knowing can be taught. ~Oscar Wilde, "The Critic as Artist," 1890

Did you know America ranks the lowest in education but the highest in drug use? It's nice to be number one, but we can fix that. All we need to do is start the war on education. If it's anywhere near as successful as our war on drugs, in no time we'll all be hooked on phonics. ~Leighann Lord

What if man were required to educate his children without the help of talking animals. ~Robert Brault, www.robertbrault.com

To me education is a leading out of what is already there in the pupil's soul. To Miss Mackay it is a putting in of something that is not there, and that is not what I call education. I call it intrusion. ~Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

If I had learned education I would not have had time to learn anything else. ~Cornelius Vanderbilt

Education is an ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity. ~Aristotle

Education is simply the soul of a society as it passes from one generation to another. ~G.K. Chesterton

In the education of children there is nothing like alluring the interest and affection; otherwise you only make so many asses laden with books. ~Michel de Montaigne

Education is the ability to listen to almost anything without losing your temper or your self-confidence. ~Robert Frost

Children have to be educated, but they have also to be left to educate themselves. ~Abbé Dimnet, Art of Thinking, 1928

Learning, n. The kind of ignorance distinguishing the studious. ~Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary

The modern world belongs to the half-educated, a rather difficult class, because they do not realize how little they know. ~William R. Inge

It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it. ~Aristotle

I have never let my schooling interfere with my education. ~Mark Twain

When a subject becomes totally obsolete we make it a required course. ~Peter Drucker

If a man is a fool, you don't train him out of being a fool by sending him to university. You merely turn him into a trained fool, ten times more dangerous. ~Desmond Bagley

Education is the movement from darkness to light. ~Allan Bloom

Much education today is monumentally ineffective. All too often we are giving young people cut flowers when we should be teaching them to grow their own plants. ~John W. Gardner

There is nothing so stupid as the educated man if you get him off the thing he was educated in. ~Will Rogers

Education is not filling a pail but the lighting of a fire. ~William Butler Yeats

Education, n. That which discloses to the wise and disguises from the foolish their lack of understanding. ~Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary

A good teacher must know the rules; a good pupil, the exceptions. ~Martin H. Fischer

With just enough learning to misquote. ~George Gordon, Lord Byron, "English Bards and Scotch Reviewers"

There is only one Education, and it has only one goal: the freedom of the mind. Anything that needs an adjective, be it civics education, or socialist education, or Christian education, or whatever-you-like education, is not education, and it has some different goal. The very existence of modified "educations" is testimony to the fact that their proponents cannot bring about what they want in a mind that is free. An "education" that cannot do its work in a free mind, and so must "teach" by homily and precept in the service of these feelings and attitudes and beliefs rather than those, is pure and unmistakable tyranny. ~Richard Mitchell, The Underground Grammarian, September 1982

The regular course was Reeling and Writhing, of course, to begin with; and then the different branches of Arithmetic - Ambition, Distraction, Uglification, and Derision. ~Lewis Carroll

Too often we give children answers to remember rather than problems to solve. ~Roger Lewin

They say that we are better educated than our parents' generation. What they mean is that we go to school longer. It is not the same thing. ~Richard Yates

I think everyone should go to college and get a degree and then spend six months as a bartender and six months as a cabdriver. Then they would really be educated. ~Al McGuire

The tragedy of education is played in two scenes - incompetent pupils facing competent teachers and incompetent teachers facing competent pupils. ~Martin H. Fischer

A gentleman need not know Latin, but he should at least have forgotten it. ~Brander Matthews

If the Romans had been obliged to learn Latin, they would never have found time to conquer the world. ~Heinrich Heine

You send your child to the schoolmaster, but 'tis the schoolboys who educate him. ~Ralph Waldo Emerson

One attraction of Latin is that you can immerse yourself in the poems of Horace and Catullus without fretting over how to say, "Have a nice day." ~Peter Brodie

The simplest schoolboy is now familiar with truths for which Archimedes would have given his life. ~Ernest Renan, Souvenirs d'enfance et de jeunesse, 1883

Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself. ~John Dewey

Education: the inculcation of the incomprehensible into the indifferent by the incompetent. ~John Maynard Keynes

Education is learning what you didn't even know you didn't know. ~Daniel J. Boorstin, Democracy and Its Discontents

I prefer the company of peasants because they have not been educated sufficiently to reason incorrectly. ~Michel Eyquem de Montaigne

Education is the process of driving a set of prejudices down your throats. ~Martin H. Fischer

It doesn't make much difference what you study, as long as you don't like it. ~Finley Peter Dunne

Do you know the difference between education and experience? Education is when you read the fine print; experience is what you get when you don't. ~Pete Seeger

We are students of words: we are shut up in schools, and colleges, and recitation-rooms, for ten or fifteen years, and come out at last with a bag of wind, a memory of words, and do not know a thing. ~Ralph Waldo Emerson

Intelligence appears to be the thing that enables a man to get along without education. Education enables a man to get along without the use of his intelligence. ~Albert Edward Wiggam

The great difficulty in education is to get experience out of ideas. ~George Santayana

The founding fathers... provided jails called schools, equipped with tortures called education. School is where you go between when your parents can't take you and industry can't take you. ~John Updike, The Centaur, 1963

You can get all A's and still flunk life. ~Walker Percy

The more that learn to read the less learn how to make a living. That's one thing about a little education. It spoils you for actual work. The more you know the more you think somebody owes you a living. ~Will Rogers

My parents told me, "Finish your dinner. People in China and India are starving." I tell my daughters, "Finish your homework. People in India and China are starving for your job." ~Thomas L. Friedman

All the learnin' my father paid for was a bit o' birch at one end and an alphabet at the other. ~George Eliot

Education is the transmission of civilization. ~Ariel and Will Durant

The one real object of education is to have a man in the condition of continually asking questions. ~Bishop Mandell Creighton

If you sincerely desire a truly well-rounded education, you must study the extremists, the obscure and "nutty." You need the balance! Your poor brain is already being impregnated with middle-of-the-road crap, twenty-four hours a day, no matter what. Network TV, newspapers, radio, magazines at the supermarket... even if you never watch, read, listen, or leave your house, even if you are deaf and blind, the telepathic pressure alone of the uncountable normals surrounding you will insure that you are automatically well-grounded in consensus reality. ~Ivan Stang, High Weirdness By Mail


Date: 10th April/2011

To form 4 Beta and Alpha,

Hi! How are you? I hope all of you are in the peak of health. As I marked your essay on the advantages and disadvantages of alternative and western medicine, I found out that all of you failed to use certain words correctly. I believe that the main cause of this failure is lack of exposure to medical and scientific terms. I understand that it is not easy to write about a topic which is so factual. However, I deeply believe that the task helps develop your critical thinking skills. As the matter of fact, pressure helps to wake up the mind and make it better than yesterday. Furthermore, what is the point of being 16 years old if you can’t think out of the box? Don’t worry. I will not leave you alone. Therefore, I made my own analysis on your weaknesses and finally come up with this list of vocabulary as a solution. I hope the list will help make a better you as long as academic writing is concerned.

From Mani ak Jack.

Vocabulary on Alternative and Western Medicine (synonyms and meanings)
1. Effect (noun): result, consequence, outcome
2. Affect (verb): influence, shape,
3. Cause: reason, source, origin
4. Illness: sickness
5. Sickness: illness, bad health
6. Plague: outbreak, epidemic, infection, affliction (e.g.: Influenza, tuberculosis)
7. Disease: illness, sickness, ailment, virus, syndrome
8. Spread: increase, multiply,
9. Infection: illness, sickness, ailment, virus, syndrome
10. Infectious: transferable, contagious, transmittable
11. Treat: care for, take care of, cure
12. Recover: get well, get better, recuperate
13. Contain: include, have,
14. Content: substance, material, essence
15. Ingredient: element, component,
16. Contract: catch, has/have, (She contracts cough and flu this morning.)
17. Quality: class, value, worth
18. Effective: efficient, successful, valuable, helpful, useful
19. Effectiveness: efficiency, efficacy,
20. Approve: endorse, support, agree
21. Certify: confirm, officially state, verify, endorse, declare
22. Underpaid: poorly paid, low paid
23. Available: obtainable, accessible,
24. Opposite: contrary, conflicting, contradictory
25. Medicine: medicine, pills, tablets, drug, prescription, remedy
26. Medication: medicine, pills, tablets, drug, prescription, remedy
27. Environment friendly: harmless to environment.
28. Pollute: contaminate, poison, infect, spoil, corrupt
29. Expire: end, run out,
30. Addictive: addicted to
31. Addiction: habit, compulsion, dependence, obsession, craving
32. Fatal: deadly, lethal, incurable, serious, critical (Reckless driving can be fatal.)
33. Advice: recommendation, suggestion, counsel, guidance, opinion,
34. Advise: counsel, give advice, direct, recommend, give an opinion, warn
35. Radioactive: dangerous, unsafe, hazardous , risky
36. Qualify: meet the criteria/requirements, be eligible, become licensed, become certified
37. Herb(noun): a type of plant whose leaves are used in cooking to give flavor to particular dishes or which are used in making medicine (E.g.: turmeric, ginger, onion, Basil, oregano, rosemary)
38. Herbal (adjective): relating to herbs or made from herbs. (E.g.: I only believe in herbal remedies)
39. Compound: (combination) consisting of two or more different parts/elements/ingredients
40. Medical (adj): offering the treatment of illness (e.g.: medical book, medical checkup, medical advice, medical treatment)

Designed by:
Mani ak Jack
“My main job is to share while your main job is to apply the knowledge.” M.J.

Notes on Dr. Jeykll and Mr. Hyde

(Dr.Jeykll and Mr.Hyde).

Guidelines on how to answer the literature question.
• The struggle between the good sides and bad sides of Dr.Jekyll. (explain about his position in the society and his evil desire)
• He created a potion the can separate his good and bad sides which creates Mr. Hyde who represents the evil side of him.
• He creates the potion to satisfy or fulfill his evil desire.
• He creates the potion so that he can enjoy double lives without being caught by the authority.
• He tramples Edie (chapter 1), kills Sir Danvers Carew (chapter 6). He did all this in the form of Mr.Hyde in order to hide his real identity.
Self-reflection: Last Paragraph
In my point of view, I believe that we need to have self-control because the evil sides of us can be out of control if we fail to control them. We must also think critically of the consequences of everything that we do.

• The friendship between Mr.Utterson between Dr.Jeykll
• Trustworthy: (a) Mr. Utterson didn’t read the letter given by Dr. Lanyon even though he was deeply curios about the content of the letter as he was investigating the mystery of Mr.Hyde. (b) Mr. Utterson kept Dr.Jekyll’s secret even though he already knew that Mr.Hyde and Dr.Jeykll were the same persons as he himself saw the transformation which was available in Chapter 9 entitled Face at the Window.
• Loyalty: (a) Mr. Utterson asked Poole not to tell anyone about what he saw at the lab when they found the dead body of Dr.Jeykll in the form of Mr. Hyde. (b) Mr. Utterson didn’t betray Dr.Jeykll as he didn’t reveal the truth about Dr.Jeykll to the police.
• Caring: (a) Mr.Utterson rushed to Dr.Jeykll’s house when Poole told him that he heard a strange voice coming from the lab. (b) Mr.Utterson visited Dr.Jeykll to find out about his health.
• Responsible: (a) Mr. Utterson refused to listen to Dr.Jeykll’s instruction when Dr.Jeykll named Mr.Hyde as the one who would inherit his wealth. He disagreed because Dr.Jeykll was his good friend and his client. (b) Mr.Utterson protects Dr.Jeykll’s good name (he didn’t reveal Dr.Jeykll’s secret) and safety (He investigated about Mr.Hyde because he wanted Mr.Hyde to stop threatening his client and good friend, Dr.Jeykll)
Self reflection: Last Paragraph
In my point of view, having at least one good friend is very important instead of having hundreds of friends whom you cannot trust at all. Friendship is also very important in order to prevent loneliness. We also need good friends because they are the ones who will help us when we are in trouble.

3. Crime does not pay
• Dr. Jeykll thought that he would never be caught by the police for his crime.
• He thought everything was under control as he had the potion to save him from punishment.
• As a scientist, he spent many years to create the potion that could help him enjoy the double lives that he always dreamed of.
• In the form of Mr. Hyde, he trampled over Edie and killed Sir Danvers Carew. When everyone was looking for Mr. Hyde, he changed into Dr.Jeykll, a well respected man in the society.
• Dr.Jeykll believed that he could escape forever. However, his own lawyer and good friend named Mr.Utterson gave him a lot of trouble. Mr.Utterson gave him a lot of pressure as Mr.Utterson investigated the case and asked Jeykll a lot of critical questions especially about Dr.Jeykll’s strange will.
• As the matter of fact, no one is above the law. Dr.Jeykll knew that sooner or later, he would be caught by the police as the potion was no longer effective. The potion was no longer able to change him into Dr.Jeykll. He had to lock himself in his laboratory as he was in the form of Mr.Hyde.
• As the police was looking for Mr.Hyde, Dr.Jekyll, who was in the form of Mr.Hyde killed himself. He died due to drug overdose.
Self reflection: (Last paragraph)
In my point of view, we need to think twice or more than twice before we do something. We need to consider the consequences of our act as it may affect many people in addition to ourselves.
• Dr.Jeykll is a very important figure in the society. In other words, he was respected by the society as a man who had the brain and good moral values.
• As an ordinary human being, he had the desire to do evil things. He realized that he could never do the evil things in the form of Dr.Jeykll. Therefore, he began to work on a potion that could separate the evil and good sides of men.
• The potion that he created allowed him to enjoy the double lives that he always dreamed of.
• He wanted to satisfy the evil sides of him without getting caught by the police. In other words, he tried to be somebody else.
• In his society, a person who appeared to be good and noble would be considered as a good person permanently. The society would not accept him as an ordinary human being who had strengths and weaknesses. He had no choice but to pretend to be a very good person. At the same time, the noble image that he created had prevented him to do anything that he wanted. In the form of Mr. Hyde, he could do anything that he wanted. He trampled Edie and killed Sir Danvers Carew.
Self-reflection: (Last Paragraph)
In my point of view, we must try to be ourselves. We must understand that no one is perfect. We must also understand that pretending to be somebody else will never grant us happiness. I agree that we have bad habits or evil desire in each of us. However, we need to think of the consequences of any decisions that we make. We can work on our bad habits or weaknesses but one thing for sure we can never abolish them. I believe that being moderate is better than being too religious or perfect. Otherwise, we may be considered as hypocrites.

• Dr.Jeykll was too obsessed with an idea of separating the good and evil sides of men.
• He was supposed to create anything that could benefit human kind. However, he created a potion (drug) that could help him enjoy the double lives that he always dreamed of.
• In other words, he was very selfish. The only thing that he wanted was he wanted to fulfill his evil desire.
• As a scientist, he was against the ethics of being a scientist. In other words, he had purposely abused his knowledge as he was too much influenced by his bad sides. He was a scientist who did not have a good self-control as he allowed the dark sides of him to take control of him.
• As he was too obsessed with the idea of separating the good and evil sides of men, he had never thought of the consequences of his decision. He sacrificed himself as he tried the potion on himself. In the end, he had to suffer the consequences as he killed himself as the drug failed to change him into Dr.Jeykll. He died in the form of Mr.Hyde.
Self-reflection: (Last Paragraph)
In my point of view, we must not be too extreme in doing something because it may cost us our own lives. It is good to think of an idea but we must think of the negative effects of a particular idea as it may affect everyone around us including ourselves.  

1. Choose the character that you hate the most and explain why you chose him.
• Dr.Jeykll
• Hypocrite (lead double lives, pretended to be someone else)
• Selfish (created the potion in order to enjoy doing anything he wanted)
• Irresponsible (failed to admit his mistake after trampling Edie and killing Sir Danvers Carew)
• Abuse his knowledge ( created a potion in order to allow him to fulfill his evil desire in the form of Mr.Hyde)
Self-reflection: (Last Paragraph)

In my point of view, Dr.Jeykll was an evil. We are not supposed to abuse the knowledge that we have. We are supposed to use our intelligence and wealth wisely. We must also learn to admit our mistakes as no one is perfect. We don’t have to deny the wrongdoings that we do because we can always repent and improve ourselves.

2. Choose the character that you like the most and explain why you chose him.
• Mr. Utterson.
• Trustworthy: (a) Mr. Utterson didn’t read the letter given by Dr. Lanyon even though he was deeply curios about the content of the letter as he was investigating the mystery of Mr.Hyde. (b) Mr. Utterson kept Dr.Jekyll’s secret even though he already knew that Mr.Hyde and Dr.Jeykll were the same persons as he himself saw the transformation which was available in Chapter 9 entitled Face at the Window.
• Loyalty: (a) Mr. Utterson asked Poole not to tell anyone about what he saw at the lab when they found the dead body of Dr.Jeykll in the form of Mr. Hyde. (b) Mr. Utterson didn’t betray Dr.Jeykll as he didn’t reveal the truth about Dr.Jeykll to the police.
• Caring: (a) Mr.Utterson rushed to Dr.Jeykll’s house when Poole told him that he heard a strange voice coming from the lab. (b) Mr.Utterson visited Dr.Jeykll to find out about his health.
• Responsible: (a) Mr. Utterson refused to listen to Dr.Jeykll’s instruction when Dr.Jeykll named Mr.Hyde as the one who would inherit his wealth. He disagreed because Dr.Jeykll was his good friend and his client. (b) Mr.Utterson protects Dr.Jeykll’s good name (he didn’t reveal Dr.Jeykll’s secret) and safety (He investigated about Mr.Hyde because he wanted Mr.Hyde to stop threatening his client and good friend, Dr.Jeykll)
Self-reflection: (Last paragraph)
In my point of view, having at least one good friend is very important instead of having hundreds of friends whom you cannot trust at all. We also need good friends because they are the ones who will help us when we are in trouble. Mr. Utterson was one of a kind. I believe, it is difficult to find a friend who is as good as Mr.Utterson these days.
Rules to remember when you answer the literature questions.

1. You must begin with (Based on the novel entitled Dr.Jeykll and Mr. Hyde……)

2. You must organize your thoughts in paragraphs. Writing everything in one paragraph will cause you to lose at least 3 marks.

3. You must come up with at least 5 paragraphs.

Paragraph 1: Introduction
Paragraph 2: First point: examples: explanation
Paragraph 3: Second point: examples: explanation
Paragraph 4: Last point: examples: explanation
Paragraph 5: Conclusion (Self-reflection: Your personal point of view about your ANSWER)

Prepared by: Mr. Mani ak Jack
Date: 28/02/2011

“Sharing knowledge is MY JOB, while applying all the knowledge is YOUR JOB.-Mani ak Jack”


1. Unity through Moderation. (Religions)
(Define each word based on dictionary during the speech)

2. Global warming (Causes, effects and solutions)
(Define each word based on dictionary during the speech)

3. Poverty (Causes, effects and solutions)
(Define each word based on dictionary during the speech)

4. Determination is the key to success.
(Define each word based on dictionary during the speech)

5. The importance of good education.
(Define each word based on dictionary during the speech)

6. Abortion (Causes, effects, and solutions)
(Define each word based on dictionary during the speech)

7. Language is the key to a solid unity.
(Define each word based on dictionary during the speech)

8. How to build a solid friendship.
(Define each word based on dictionary during the speech)

9. Wars (Causes, effects and solutions)
(Define each word based on dictionary during the speech)

10. Child abuse (Causes, effects and solutions)
(Define each word based on dictionary during the speech)